Conditions of Employment

 

Annual leave and Shutdown Periods.

 


Annual Leave.

 

There still seems to be much confusion regarding various aspects of annual leave.

  • The following are the ground rules - as per section 20 of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act.  Except where indicated otherwise, every employer must follow these ground rules unless a Main Agreement or Collective Agreement contains  varied conditions.

  • The employee is entitled to 21 consecutive days annual leave on full pay in every leave cycle.  This equates to 15 working days per annum if the employee works a 5 -day week, and 18 working days per annum if the employee works a 6 -day week.

  • A "leave cycle" means a period of 12 months commencing from the 1st day of employment or commencing from the end of the previous leave cycle..

  • Whatever number of normal working days falls within that 21 consecutive days is the number of working days that the employee must be paid for

  • Whatever number of normal working days falls within that 21 consecutive days is the number of working days that the employee must be paid for.

  • Annual leave is accrued - meaning that the number of days to which the employee is entitled starts at zero and increases with the passage of time as the leave cycle progresses.

  • Therefore, at the start of the leave cycle the employee would have zero days leave due to him/her.



There are two methods of calculating the accrual of annual leave as the leave cycle progresses.  The first may only be applied with the prior agreement of the employee:

  • On the 17th day of the leave cycle, the employee would have accrued one day leave (section a 20 (2) (b)). It should be noted that this method of accrual may only be applied by agreement with the employee.

  • On the passage of every 17 days after that, another 1-day annual leave accrues to the employee's benefit.



If there is no other agreement with the employee, then the accrual is allowed at 1, 25 days per month in the case of a 5-day week worker, or 1, 5 days per month for a 6 day week worker and so on.  No employee agreement is required to apply this method of accrual.

  • Annual leave may only be taken by agreement between the employer and employee.  (Section 20 (10) (a)).

  • In the absence of any such  agreement, annual leave must be taken at a time to suit the employer.  (Section 20 (10) (b)).



This means that the employer is entitled to have a policy stating that a certain period will be regarded as a shutdown period, and employees are required to take annual leave for the period of closure.

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